Some websites with useful data and reports on higher education:

 

Research Centers and Institutes on U.S. Campuses:

Institute of Higher Education, University of Georgia

Center for the Study of Higher and Postsecondary Education, University of Michigan

(see also Michigan's National Center for Institutional Diversity and

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research)

Alliance for Higher Education and Democracy, University of Pennsylvania

Cornell Higher Education Research Institute

Williams College Higher Education Project

Center for Postsecondary Success, Florida State University

Center for Education and the Workforce, Georgetown University

Center for Postsecondary Research, Indiana University

Center for the Study of Higher Education, Penn State

Stanford Institute for Higher Education Research

Institute for Higher Education Law and Governance, University of Houston

Higher Education Research Institute, UCLA

Rockefeller Institute of Government

Center for International Higher Education, Boston College

Pullias Center for Higher Education, USC

Community College Research Center, Columbia University

Colleges and Universities 2000, University of California, Riverside

National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education, Columbia University

National Opinion Research Center [NORC], University of Chicago

Other Research Centers in the U.S.:

Brookings Institution

National Bureau of Economic Research [NBER]

Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching

Institute for Higher Education Policy (see especially the "PostsecData" site)

National Center for Higher Education Management Systems [NCHEMS] (see especially the

           "HigherEdInfo" site)

New England Resource Center for Higher Education [NERCHE]

Delta Project on Postsecondary Education Costs, Productivity, and Accountability

Research Associations in the U.S.:

American Educational Research Association [AERA]

Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management [APPAM]

Association for Institutional Research [AIR] (see especially their IPEDS training resources)

Association for the Study of Higher Education [ASHE]

Internationally Focused Organizations, Centers, Associations, and Resources:

Center for Higher Education Policy Studies [CHEPS]

Consortium of Higher Education Researchers [CHER]

The Bologna Process

European Association for Institutional Research [EAIR]

Eurydice (information on European education systems)

International Centre for Higher Education Management (University of Bath)

NationMaster (comparative international data)

Oxford Centre for Higher Education Policy Studies

European University Association's University Efficiency Hub

European University Association's University Autonomy Scorecard

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development [OECD]

Society for Research into Higher Education

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization [UNESCO]

The World Bank

U.S. Government and Government-Affiliated Organizations:

National Center for Education Statistics [NCES]/Institute of Education Sciences [IES] (see

especially the Digest of Education Statistics and the DataLab)

National Science Foundation [NSF] (see especially WebCASPAR and institutional profiles)

National Postsecondary Education Cooperative [NPEC]

The National Academies

U.S. Census Bureau DataWeb

Institutional, State, Regional, and Professional Associations in the U.S.: 

American Academy of Arts and Sciences [AAAS]

American Association of Community Colleges [AACC]

American Association of State Colleges and Universities [AASCU]

American Association of University Professors [AAUP]

American Council on Education [ACE] 

Association of American Medical Colleges [AAMC]

Association of American Universities [AAU]

Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges [AGB]

Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities [APLU]

Association of University Research Parks [AURP]

Council of Graduate Schools [CGS]

Council of Independent Colleges [CIC]

Education Commission of the States [ECS] (see especially the

State Governance Structures Database)

National Association of College and University Business Officers [NACUBO]

National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities [NAICU]

Southern Regional Education Board [SREB]

State Higher Education Executive Officers [SHEEO]

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education [WICHE] (see especially the 

State Policy Inventory Database)

National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities [NAICU]

National Collegiate Athletic Association [NCAA]

Knight Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics

The Drake Group (athletic reform initiatives)

Coalition on Intercollegiate Athletics [COIA]

Some Useful Periodicals: 

Chronicle of Higher Education

Inside Higher Education

University Business

University World News

 

Noteworthy Blogs: 

The College Puzzle

Higher Ed Data Stories

Hechinger Report

 

Other Sources for U.S. Data and Reports: 

The Achieve Initiative

College Transitions Dataverse

The College Board

College Results Online, Education Trust (institutional graduation rates)

Colleges and Universities 2000

College Insight (diversity/affordability/success issues)

Grapevine (state-level higher-education data)

Higher Education Resource Hub

Humanities Indicators

Pell Institute for the Study of Opportunity in Higher Education